New York (HedgeCo.Net) – The Obama administration has unveiled its much anticipated program aimed at clearing toxic assets from the books of U.S. banks and finding a middle ground between inaction and nationalization. By financing the purchase of up to $1 trillion in illiquid real estate assets, the government is hoping that its Public-Private Investment Program will revive the lending process while helping to jumpstart the economy.
“This will allow banks to clean up their balance sheets,” Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said. “There is no doubt the government is taking risk. You cannot solve a financial crisis without the government assuming risk.”
The plan entails using up to $100 billion in the Troubled Asset Relief Program funds along with additional capital from private investors to “generate $500 billion in purchasing power to buy legacy assets with the potential to expand to $1 trillion over time,” according to a statement released by the Treasury.
Under the plan, the “Legacy Securities Program” would be instilled to protect private investors’ or hedge funds’ purchase of the assets by using money from half of the original funds. The Treasury would match any private capital that is raised for the purchases dollar for dollar.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation would oversee a facet of the plan called the “Legacy Loans Program,” which is expected to garner interest among many private investors. With this program, the treasury would pony up half of the capital to purchase a bundle of loans while the rest of the cash would come from private investors or hedge funds. The FDIC would then guarantee financing of up to six times the original price, then auction off the loans.
In addition, private-sector purchasers would determine the value of these assets so as to quell any fears that the government might be overpaying for the loans.
Some critics are weary that the program’s success relies exclusively on the action of private investors to step up to the plate. The Fed’s new program to revive consumer credit, called the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility, or TALF, was a disappointment as far as popularity was concerned, with just 19 large hedge funds and other firms showing interest. Out of the $200 billion offered, only $4.7 billion in requests for loans came in.
Another reason cited for the lack of big-money interest in the programs is the mess that unfolded after AIG handed out $165 billion in employee bonuses. A near unanimous vote in the House to tax those bonuses 90 percent may have stifled public outcry, but it did little to put to rest investor’s uncertainty regarding the government’s conflicting actions.
Former President Bush declined to buy the toxic securities in November. No banks have agreed as of yet to sell their illiquid assets.
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